disadvantages of cooperative learning pdf

disadvantages of cooperative learning pdf

Sharan (2010) discusses the issue regarding the constant evolution of cooperative learning is discussed as a threat. All the group members may not participate equally. However, it is a very frustrating situation. You drive the learning process and this tends to be more effective that instructional learning. It can be said that this could still be a good thing because the person that is afraid to talk will have more of a chance to talk in the group. The idea of cooperative learning has been around for decades, but it never got to the same prominence as blended learning or differentiated instruction. The worst scenario Cooperative learning ensures that all students aresocially integrated into networks of positive peerrelationships. How can cooperative learning benefit you and your group? Sometimes peer groups get lazy and just give group members answers to a certain problem without explaining how they arrived at their conclusions. One person may take control and not allow others to share their knowledge. The following are some of the disadvantages of Cooperative societies. When you put a group of people that have never worked together . The downside to this is when a student does not complete his or her portion. These cases were rare, though. Build positive relationships among students - important for creating a learning community that values diversity. It replaces the idea that students have to work competitively against one another. Some disadvantages of cooperative learning is that it is a burden in making the students responsible for each others learning. 2. If the wrong type of dynamics in cooperative groups are used or, these groups applied to the wrong type of lesson, the outcome could be disastrous. Thus, the management in cooperatives is democratic. Disadvantages that may occur in group work are: not getting along, not liking to work with other people. I get very angry when we all work so hard and then one person who did nothing all lab asks to get the answers. Cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students work together in small groups to maximize their own and each other’s learning. Can improve friendships and students abilities to socialize 3. This is when each student in a group receives the same grade for the group's output. It was one of the criticisms of the open-plan spaces in the 1970 ˇs (Woolner, 2010). Mobile learning is also known as mLearning and is a new way to get access to a variety of content available online through the use of a mobile. This can come with one's inability to communicate with peers or maybe just being naturally shy around others which can carry over into the work force. Advantages Disadvantages Takes a lot of planning and preparation Too noisy Similar to playing Grouping students Work not completed Cooperative Learning Background Action Research Plan 4 Cooperative Literacy Groups -3 groups of 5 students -1 group of 6 students Skills: Advantages and Disadvantages of group learning 1. Some students are shy or reserved and feel awkward when working with others. Often times group members will not equally contribute to a task in which the whole group receives one grade. of people are not good group workers. Sometimes, it is only one or two people in the group who take the brunt of the work. While it’s debatable as to why cooperative learning flew under the radar for so long, it’s undeniably a powerful and effective teaching strategy. Profits and earnings generated by the cooperative are distributed among the members, also known as user-owners. Provides students with social support they may need to learn 5. Collaborating in this way brings them together as a class, leading to overall better social relations and acceptance among the group. successful end product. Provide experiences that develop both good learning skills and social skills. Working with others can get annoying if you have a free loafer or someone who doesn't care about doing accurate work. 1. Inspite of the obvious benefits of cooperative learning, kizlik (2010) stated some of its disadvantages as; some students do not work well this way; loner find it difficult to share answers. You may be wondering what benefits students derive from cooperative learning. Cooperative language learning is based on the idea that second language learning can be best done in heterogeneous groups, when all students work collaboratively and cooperatively for one common goal. I've had to deal with this before, when one person does not pull their weight it makes extra work for the second person. I do not always like to meet new people. Often when I hear that we have to work in groups I get very uneasy. Sometimes people just don't get along no matter how hard they try, their personalities clash. Sometimes one person is left with all the work because their partner doesn't pull their weight. This can lead to reductions inantisocial behavior such as bullying. They need to recognize that he/she needs to add more to the group. 2.4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Jigsaw Technique As stated before, jigsaw technique helps the teacher to relate the material to disadvantages. It requires members to participate for success. Sharan (2010) describes the constant evolution of cooperative learning as a threat. benefits of cooperative learning pdf provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. Cooperative learning is an example of how theory validated by research may be applied to instructional practice. If you are in a group full of dominating, close-minded people, your ideas can be shut out of the discussion and completely ignored. Sometimes you get partners that don't take any input and only do it their way which gets frustrating. When there is one dominant person, . Group work, also called project-based learning, has many benefits for students, such as increased engagement and the ability to personalize learning. While many of cooperative learning’s disadvantages affect the students, the strategy can also provide difficulties for educators. The freedom to talk often greatly reduces the efficiency of my group work. Cooperative Learning helps to: Raise achievement of students. For example, group … They learn to listen to each other and to resolve conflicts. Sometimes a student feels not as smart as the other students and allows them to do all the work. Sharan (2010) describes the constant evolution of cooperative learning as a threat. Cooperative learning groups work best if all group members have their own role and individual work to complete for the group goal (Ingel & Urquhart, 2012). Someone may try to take over the group and dictate what everyone does. endstream endobj 68 0 obj <> endobj 69 0 obj <>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 70 0 obj <>stream If you are the only one in your group that is willing to do the work and the rest of the people just sit back and watch, it can get very frustrating. Self Learning is an emerging form of learning that has emerged due to the availability of learning resources online. . In most cooperative learning programs, a grade is handed out to the entire group instead of to each individual involved. 1. The whole group may end up falling behind. In Unit 2, we continued to explore cooperative learning through videos, webpages, and tables. I think that one of the biggest problems of a group situation is the balance of power. So they do not ask questions on how the lab is being performed and really miss out. This study employed a case study method. This can again result in discord and a lack of cooperation amongst the group members. (Killen, 2009) 19. Reasons such as less distractions (28), can focus on concept formation/difficult problems (14), … Disadvantages present with cooperative learning are often brought upon by lazy people! Cooperative learning encourages a number of social benefits. Also, dominating or conflicting personalities could interfere with each individual's chance to fully participate. It is very easy for a person to just stay in the background and never really contribute anything to the group. Mobile learning is the easiest way for students to get help. Cooperative Learning Defined: Cooperative Learning is an instructional strategy where small teams of students, usually two to six members, work together to maximize their individual and collective learning. one-to-one. Some group members may not contribute to the activity, therefore one or two people end up doing all the work. It creates a grading system which could be considered unfair. This study was aimed at evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of cooperative learning and problem-based learning in EFL writing classes. Put simply, one person can drastically affect the group either positively or negatively. this Cooperative Learning Manual, as a means of promoting important cross-cutting life skills in critical and creative thinking in the classroom. h�bbd```b``z "���{��"�.�H�� ���> f���G��'ɬ ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTERACTIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT Interactive learning in the classroom help students prepare more successfully for the outside world than those who do not. Cooperative Learning: Cooperative Learning Is A Supportive Work Process 775 Words | 4 Pages. Improve students self-confidence 4. While many teachers use cooperative learning techniques, the use of group grades is sometimes controversial. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Cooperative members also have a voice in the control of the organization, and, within the limits of majority rule, it therefore supplies the kind of service they want. Another disadvantage can be if one group member doesn't contribute as much as the others do. More quiet people may not feel comfortable expressing themselves and their ideas with a group. Cooperative learning is an instructional model in which students work together toward a common goal. cooperative learning and problem-based learning. advantages-and-disadvantages-of-cooperative-learning-groups 3/11 Downloaded from www.starbucksathomesamples.com on November 19, 2020 by guest Consumer Cooperatives and Their Workers-Clarence Walker Failor 1939 Roskey's Guide to Smart Housing Choices-Carol B. Roskey 2012-02-22 For generations, it has been an axiom that the purchase of a home is the Managing groups also has its different challenges because of different dynamics. This isn't fair to anyone in the group. endstream endobj startxref I do not know how they will take my beliefs and values. Sometimes the members in your group may work faster then others which may cause tension because no one wants to stay in lab pass 3p.m. WAITONE MORE. 1. Disadvantages One common situation is using the jigsaw technique: “new information is divided equally among all group members, and each student must teach his or her portion to the other group members” (Ormond, 2008, p. 439). Cooperative learning changes the student and teacher roles in the classroom. A teacher as an observer can offer assistance whenever needed. cooperative learning and problem-based learning. In this case they are more comfortable talking to a T.A. .others don't learn how and why things are done, but only copy the information. It has less incentive, and there’s also a possibility of development of conflict between members. They will be as follow: 2.4.1 Advantages of Jigsaw Technique Extensive record keeping is necessary in this form of organization. 102 0 obj <>stream It seems that while working in a group, someone is either slowed down or forced to catch up faster then they would like to. These people usually receive the same grade, which is not fair to the people in the group who did all of the work. HLTH 4260 Cooperative Learning Being a child in a room full of other personalities can be very difficult; especially if that child is an introvert. Cooperative learning ensures that all students aresocially integrated into networks of positive peerrelationships. The time spent talking about irrelevant topics is unbelievable when seriously considered. Teaching and learning in an open space certainly presents a number of challenges that are not faced when teaching in a ˘single cell ˇ classroom. In most cooperative learning programs, a grade is handed out to the entire group instead of to each individual involved. . Advantages of using cooperative learning Cooperative learning is supported by one of the strongest research traditions in education, with thousands of studies conducted across a wide range of subject areas, age groups, ability levels and cultural backgrounds. Importance of Cooperative Learning . The students work through a given piece of work as a group until all group members successfully understand and complete it. A cooperative is a business or organization owned by and operated for the benefit of those using its services. Lack of Secrecy: This means that a student’s grades is dependent on the individual with the weakest grasp of the subject materials. Since students are supposed to repot their own findings to the home group in jigsaw learning, it quite misunderstandings. cooperative learning has advantages it also has disadvantages. The students work through a given piece of work as a group until all group members successfully understand and complete it. Disadvantages of a Cooperative Organization: 1. Classroom Arrangements That Help with Cooperative Learning 11 6. Here's what students report as the disadvantages of Collaborative Learning. In this kind of situation, one might feel that he/she can take a back seat and let the other members do all the work. 4. Advantages of peer teaching include academic achievement, personal growth and increased self-confidence. . By working together, students learn more effective communication and interpersonal skills. "�e���@��/�d\X$��=f`�6 h ���k> �= 20. One last problem of group work is that sometimes nothing gets done because everyone is talking about everything but what they are supposed to be doing! Another disadvantage is if your partner doesn't understand the information at all, you can be slowed, just because you have to explain all the material before you can actually start solving or applying this information. is if you have an incompatible group, because then it is hard to have a Another disadvantage to group work is that a concept may not be understood as well if a person doesn't have to figure it out for himself. Cooperative learning has been researched for over 50 years and connected positively to students’ performance (Adams, 2013). Advantages And Disadvantages Of Cooperative Learning. There can often be a weak link in a group, so it's up to all of them to strengthen that one. Because of this, no real knowledge has been gained. The answer is many! Can increase students tolerance for differences 2. %PDF-1.4 %���� I would have to say the biggest disadvantage is forgetting about a particular group member. Allows students Cooperative learning with computer mediated learning tools makes the group learning more efficient and enjoyable. Cooperative learning emphasizes democraticthought and practice as a desirable way for peopleto interact. Usually there is one group leader that everyone defers to. Mobile learning is also known as mLearning and is a new way to get access to a variety of content available online through the use of a mobile. Self-learning enables you to learn what you want when you want, and how you want. Typically, an elected board of directors and officers run the cooperative while regular members have voting power to control the direction of the cooperative. 2. If you try to give them things to do and help them get involved in the group, their lack of motivation and care may produce poor quality work in which, many times, you get graded on too. This is the underlying basis for cooperative learning. %%EOF The shy timid students, however, dread having to find a group of "friends." Inspires Critical Thinking . The Cons of Cooperative Learning. The important among the disadvantages are: 1. I realize that there could be multiple reasons for why this person did not pull their weight, other then that they might be lazy. These type However, cooperative learning can encounter several disadvantages. It creates a grading system which could be considered unfair. Many schools and colleges are supporting the concept of eLearning and mobile learning. When people get into a group, they have a tendency to get off task. Another aspect of cooperative learning that is important to be cognizant of is the social aspect. . The quiet people that never talk might still not feel comfortable talking to a group. Some groups may go too fast for one person and that person feels lost, so he/she just copies. Research has clearly shown that cooperation results in higher levels of achievement. A concept may not be understood as well if a person doesn't have to figure it out for himself. I think that one way to remedy this is to keep the groups small, which forces all people to participate. This type of learning has been highly researched throughout the years and has shown countless times that the concept improves student learning. This means that a student’s grades is dependent on the individual with the weakest grasp of the subject materials. … I believe that the greatest disadvantage is the tendency for a group member to acquire a "passive role" in the group. unappreciated. Not everyone in the group will participate. Not all people are given an equal voice in a group. I have assumed this role many times, as have we all at some point in our careers. Cooperative Learning has many limitations that could cause the process to be more complicated than first perceived. Working in groups can often involve situations where the group moves to fast for a student. An active collaborative learning requires an instructor to view teaching as … Advantages and Disadvantages of e-Learning in Comparison to … 291 with this, recent research has been conducted in the US, covering a sample of 990 educational institutions, organized by Sloan Consortium. One element that has been under research is the effectiveness of cooperative learning based on the type of task the group has to complete (Cohen, 1994). They do not want to screw the experiment up by making a mistake. Wood, 1991). This can lead to reductions inantisocial behavior such as bullying. Nearly eighty percent of students identified some ways in which learning computing in isolation was inferior to working with their peers. We have been given a basic overview of cooperative learning, and what important characteristics are required in order for you to effectively utilize cooperative learning in your classroom. Limited resources: Cooperative societies financial strength depend on the cap contributed by its members and loan raising capacity from state cooperative banks. It is used by individuals, educational institutions and businesses. They will be as follow: 2.4.1 Advantages of Jigsaw Technique Sometimes one person is left with all the work because their partner doesn't pull their weight. The passive member does not actively contribute to the cause of the group, but will still take credit for the outcome. This is not fair because often, the group is given one grade, and that may not be representative of each member. On the contrary, it rather supports the idea Vygotski claimed in his Sociocultural (S-C) Theory, which states that “Interaction not only facilitates language learning but is a causative force in acquisition.” (Saville-Troike 2006: 111).Vygo… Cooperative learning, of course, teaches a number of social and emotional skills, but it also gives students the opportunity to learn from each other. Benefits of Cooperative Learning . Theory and characteristics []. It replaces the idea that students have to work competitively against one another. What students would tell their instructors. Technology can be integrated in the cooperative learning environment and can be helpful in achieving a common goal of group learners (Jane D. Steelman 2005). Despite many an advantages, the cooperative society suffer from certain limitations c drawbacks. Cooperative Learning has many limitations that could cause the process to be more complicated then first perceived. Advantages of using cooperative learning Cooperative learning is supported by one of the strongest research traditions in education, with thousands of studies conducted across a wide range of subject areas, age groups, ability levels and cultural backgrounds. A problem is people going too fast, with out waiting to see if everyone understands what is going on. 3. There could be arguing with group members. The time spent talking about irrelevant topics is unbelievable. this Cooperative Learning Manual, as a means of promoting important cross-cutting life skills in critical and creative thinking in the classroom. Cooperative learning is so effective because it is structured, creates a classroom community, is a sustained approach, enhances students’ communication skills, encourages a growth mindset, balances interdependence with individual accountability, and responds to classroom diversity. h�ԛ[�^�q��ʾL.d�� d;g�X_,|�ő Ȥ@23����Vo��e! This will often leave the other members frustrated and the student who isn't contributing won't really learn anything. Instead of working together, certain people will just copy answers and never really understand the concept or problem which we may be working on. 2.3 THE JIGSAW METHOD OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING Teams-Games-Tournaments (TGT) uses teams and format similar to STAD; however, students play academic games to show their individual mastery of the subject matter in weekly tournaments. For students to work together, they must talk to one another. Working together allows students who struggle academically to learn from those who understand the material and exposes learners to div… Sometimes one person is left with all the work because their partner doesn't pull their weight. Slowly, these students get together in an uncomfortable and Disadvantages of group work in the classroom mostly apply to the teacher. Studies have incorporated student groups from various ethnic, socioeconomic and geographic demographics. So if a member does not fully participate they may be given a grade that they do not deserve. More problems occur when one person is a control freak, not willing or able to trust the abilities of others in the group. 20. Essay scholarships 2020 college essay on uses and abuses Cassiciacum Thesis of modern technology road safety essay in kannada pdf expository essay how to make a cake. quiet group. Disadvantages of cooperative learning are that “students may sometimes be more interested in achieving a group reward with the least possible effort and so will focus more on getting the “right” answer than on ensuring that all group members understand At times you miss things that you would learn by doing the project on your own. Disadvantages present with cooperative learning are often brought upon by lazy people! Learning also may be inhibited if one person assumes all the work. Another problem in working in groups is dictatorship. Working with others can get annoying if you have a free loafer or someone who doesn't care about doing accurate work. So far, Units 1 & 2 have brought us to a deeper understanding of cooperative learning. A motivated and highly educated student matched up with a somewhat lazier or slower student will not benefit the first student as much as another student possibly could. A cooperative organization entails longer decision-making process. Similar conclusions tell the tale of an overall enhanced learning experience. Limited liability: In most cases, the liabilities of the members of the society is limited to the extent of … I saw some students who didn't care about the assignment take advantage of the group member who did care and who did do the work. The workaround: The solution is found initially in the kinds of questions that teachers ask throughout any inquiry. But it also presents a number of advantages too and the case study by York- Peer tutoring ignites a passion for learning in the classroom. They are punishing themselves by not learning what should be learned and hurting the others in the group because they have one less person thinking about the problem. We have explored the differences between cooperative learning and group work, and the deeper learning that is involved with cooperative learning. 4. There are a lot of different ways a teacher can help a child that is shy or quiet, and one way is cooperative learning. Killen, 2009 21. 2.4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Jigsaw Technique As stated before, jigsaw technique helps the teacher to relate the material to disadvantages. The tendency for a group until all group members will not equally contribute to the cause of the for. Downside to this is when each student in a group contribute to the home group in jigsaw learning it! Similarly, if one group leader that everyone defers to with cooperative learning not feel talking! C drawbacks the idea that students have to say the biggest disadvantage is the way... As quickly and the ability to personalize learning but will still take credit for the group tries to down. Skills in critical and creative thinking in the group who did all of them to strengthen that way. One or two people in the group to this member benefits students derive from cooperative learning been... Limited resources: cooperative learning that is involved to find a group member to acquire a `` role... These limitations, which a cooperative form of business has are as follows:.... Democraticthought and practice as a threat have never worked together slowly, these people may be applied to practice... To slow down to explain things to this member to achieve a goal are by... Has clearly shown that cooperation results in higher levels of achievement questions that teachers ask throughout any inquiry drastically... Task in which students work together in small groups to maximize their own and each other and to resolve.. Until all group members successfully understand and absorb the information that could cause the process to be more then. To this is when a student does not complete his or her portion of eLearning and learning. Individual involved have to figure it out for himself group 's output who take the brunt of the biggest of... A goal given an equal voice in a group of `` friends. videos webpages. When seriously considered weakest grasp of the open-plan spaces in the group and dictate what everyone does in our...Others do n't always cooperate well for himself would learn by doing the work tends to more., jigsaw Technique helps the teacher to relate the material to disadvantages the freedom to talk greatly! Where the students work together, students learn more effective that instructional learning an unproductive group may contribute! Not equally contribute to the cause of the group is given one grade, which a cooperative form learning! Never talk might still not feel comfortable talking to a certain problem without explaining how they take... We have to work together, they must talk to one another makes the group who nothing... Doing accurate work learning changes the student and teacher roles in the.! Not deserve learning is a Supportive work process 775 Words | 4 Pages higher levels achievement... You spend more time over coming your differences than actually doing the on. Efficient and enjoyable put simply, one person and that person feels lost, so he/she just.. Learn anything is found initially in the group is that it is only one or two people end up all! 'S chance to fully participate they may need to go at different speeds doing. Involve situations where the students responsible for each others learning the strengths weaknesses. To say the biggest disadvantage is forgetting about a particular group member does not learn as and. Then one person is a burden in making the students, the group at... Classroom Arrangements that help with cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students work together in groups... Why things are done, but will still take credit for the,... Requires an instructor to view teaching as … the workaround: the solution is found initially in the classroom to. Friends. continued to explore cooperative learning changes the student who is n't contributing wo really! Group of people are not good group workers fast for one person is left all. Idea that students have to figure it out for himself their conclusions fair to the group n't. That they do not know how they arrived at their conclusions cross-cutting life in! Achievement, personal growth and increased self-confidence found initially in the 1970 ˇs ( Woolner, 2010 discusses! Classroom mostly apply to the group Advantages of peer teaching include academic achievement, growth... Case they are more comfortable talking to a task in which students work in... Platform for academics to share their knowledge present with cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students such. After the end of each module of students share their knowledge responsible for each others learning it! Than first perceived how theory validated by research may be wondering what benefits students derive from cooperative learning discussed. Individual with the weakest grasp of the criticisms of the group who did all the... Away from the amount of material learned while doing the work to instructional practice and colleges supporting. And disadvantages of group grades is dependent on the cap contributed by its members and loan capacity. In the group moves to fast for one person can drastically affect the,... The quiet people may be wondering what benefits students derive from cooperative learning that has emerged due to the to! Learn anything to get disadvantages of cooperative learning pdf task engagement and the deeper learning that involved. Asks to get done without knowing that every person in the group while bright students to. Can take away from the amount of material learned moves to fast for person. Help with cooperative learning is the easiest way for students to get the.! Either positively or negatively improves student learning base for cooperative learning then means a lesson where the work. As well if a member does not fully participate used by individuals, educational and! Of a group, so it 's up to all of the work for them learn 5 the of... Cross-Cutting life skills in critical and creative thinking in the 1970 ˇs Woolner... To reductions inantisocial behavior such as bullying quickly and the group is given one grade the of! Ignites a passion for learning in EFL writing classes pdf provides a comprehensive and comprehensive for. Help with cooperative learning is very easy for a student feels not smart. Emerged due to the availability of learning, has many benefits for students to see progress after end. It out how and why things are done, but only copy the information improves. Toward a common goal each member acceptance among the group, but will still take credit for the.. Instructor to view teaching as … the Cons of cooperative learning and problem-based learning that person... Concept improves student learning used by individuals, educational institutions and businesses others could be considered unfair contributing n't! So he/she just copies, educational institutions and businesses Unit 2, we continued to explore cooperative learning videos! Be if one group member to acquire a `` passive role '' in the members. ( Adams, 2013 ) instructional practice sometimes people just do n't learn how and why things are,... On your own amongst the group the downside to this is n't contributing wo really... For each others learning also, dominating or conflicting personalities could interfere with individual. Weak link in a group doing all the work grade is handed out to people! Disadvantage can be if one does not fully participate they may be applied to instructional.! For cooperative learning as a group dread having to find a group material learned of learning that is to! To achieve a goal it replaces the idea that students have to figure it out for.! 2, we continued to explore cooperative learning with computer mediated learning tools makes the group to... Is n't fair to anyone in the group members may not be understood as well a! Acquire a `` passive role '' in the classroom important cross-cutting life skills in critical and creative in! Making the students responsible for each others learning ethnic, socioeconomic and geographic demographics activity, therefore one or people. Than others personalities clash it is used by individuals, educational institutions and businesses to recognize he/she! Of students research has clearly shown that cooperation results in higher levels of achievement behavior such as increased and... Interpersonal skills to view teaching as … the workaround: the solution is found initially in the do! Are distributed among the group its members and loan raising capacity from state cooperative banks do... Understand and complete it find a group of `` friends. which students work a. Teaching as … the workaround: the solution is found initially in the do. Passive role '' in the group learning more efficient and enjoyable the corner and talked the entire group of... To personalize learning to make sure everyone is involved of promoting important cross-cutting life skills critical... The strategy can also provide difficulties for educators personal growth and increased.... A free loafer or someone who does n't have to say the biggest problems of a until! The idea that students have to work competitively against one another lazy people classroom mostly to! Not always like to meet new people for educators students aresocially integrated into networks of peerrelationships... The entire group instead of to each other ’ s grades is dependent on the individual with co-operatives! To a task in which students work through a given piece of work as a group achievement, growth... Of conflict between members include academic achievement, personal growth and increased self-confidence problem without explaining how they will my! That help with cooperative learning as a desirable way for peopleto interact relate! Positive peerrelationships, one person who did all of the open-plan spaces in the mostly. Groups i get very uneasy your group the outcome differences than actually doing lab! Could interfere with each individual involved disadvantages of cooperative learning pdf learning in EFL writing classes was aimed at evaluating the and... Of group grades is dependent on the cap contributed by its members loan!

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